Information about the region

Shymkent (until September 8, 1992 Chimkent; KAZ. Shymkent) - a city in the South of Kazakhstan, one of the three cities of the country with the status of Republican significance; is a separate administrative-territorial unit (17th region of the Republic), not part of the surrounding region.

Shymkent - is the third by population and the first by area city in Kazakhstan, one of its largest industrial, commercial and cultural centers; it forms the second by population agglomeration of the country.

Until June 19, 2018-the administrative center of the former South Kazakhstan (now Turkestan) region.

Currently Shymkent consists of four administrative districts:

  • Abay;
  • Al-Farabi;
  • Enbekshinsky;
  • Karatau.

The city is included in the state program "Cultural heritage" as one of the objects for the study and preservation of historical monuments. Work is underway here with the prospect of turning the ancient settlement in the center of the modern city into a historical and cultural Park

The city has theaters, restaurants, a network of comfortable hotels, Technopark "fantasy World", a water Park, where guests and tourists of the city will be welcomed with special Eastern hospitality. An interesting place in the city is the historical Museum of Ethnography, where there is an amazing art gallery, interesting are the zoo and arboretum, which presents unique species of plants that grow in different areas.

The cultural policy carried out in the city proceeds, first of all, from the developed way of life of the population, synthesis of original national cultures of multiethnic society of South Kazakhstan. There are 19 cultural national centers in Shymkent: Kazakh, Slavic, Uzbek, Tatar-Bashkir, German, Jewish, Korean, Kurdish, Polish, Azerbaijani, etc.


1,2 thousand sq. km.

Regional center

Shymkent city

Neighboring province:

Shymkent city is located in the southern part of Kazakhstan and geographically borders with the Turkestan region. 100 km from the city is the border with the Republic of Uzbekistan and the capital Tashkent.

Climatic conditions

Shymkent city among the administrative regional centers of the Republic of Kazakhstan, is located to the South of all, so the thermal regime is very mild. The average annual temperature is +13.0 °C. the relative humidity is 57 %. The average wind speed is 2.2 m/s.

Key socio-economic indicators


(на 1 марта 2020 года, тыс. человек)

1 042,2


(March 2020 to December 2019,%)


Unemployment rate

(IV quarter of 2019,%)



(January-September 2019 as% of January-September 2018)


Average monthly wage

(IV quarter of 2019, tenge)

152 569

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